Last year, news that a Tokyo university had falsified candidates’ test scores for more than a decade so they could admit more men sent shockwaves across Japan and across the country. world. Now that the rigging has stopped, the women are doing better than the men.
Tokyo Medical University has tolerated the rigging of test results for years because officials believed that once the women were married and had children, they would be unable to fill their emergency shifts in hospitals. . An anonymous school official described it as “a necessary evil”. A third-party panel investigating the rigging of the tests later said the manipulation of test results resulted in the rejection of 69 candidates who had passed the tests in the past two years, including 55 women.
For the 2019 school year, 20.2% of female applicants passed the entrance exam, compared to 19.8% for male applicants, according to the Japan Times, citing figures (paywall) published by the school. Monday, May 20. In 2018, the acceptance rate for women was 2.9% and 9% for men. The school explained that the huge increase in acceptance levels for both genders was due to broader exam reforms implemented after the school appointed its first-ever female president (paywall) in November. Asahi Shimbun’s article, citing her own survey of medical school entrance exam results, said the proportion of women who passed was 4.5 percentage points higher than that of men.
Tokyo Medical School was not the only university to engage in the practice. Asahi newspaper’s own survey found that fairer exams at other medical schools also reduced the gap in acceptance rates between male and female applicants in 2019, based on results from 78 universities. . The survey found that men were accepted at a rate of about 1.1 times more than women, up from 1.2 times a year ago.
Juntendo University, a private university in Tokyo, said in December that its medical school wrongly failed 165 people who passed entrance exams in 2017 and 2018, a mistake that mainly affected women but also women. men taking the test again. The university said it rigged the test results because the women were more mature than their male peers and had better communication skills, and therefore tended to perform better in the interview portion of the application process. He therefore had to adjust the scores to compensate for the shortcomings of the male candidates. He also said there was not enough student accommodation for female medical students.
Japan has the lowest proportion of female doctors among the wealthy countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, accounting for just 21% of the country’s doctors.